Look out for an overall trend in the maze of data; identifying it is half the battle!
In the IELTS Academic Writing test, candidates attempt two tasks of 150 words and 250 words. The first is an information-transfer task, asking you to describe information given in a graph, table, chart or diagram. Simple, right? Why then do so many candidates make a real hash of it?
It’s quite possible that they are guilty of one (or more) of these five cardinal sins…
- Not meeting the word limit
Even a cursory glance at the writing booklet will tell you that your response to Task 1 should have at least 150 words. Fail to meet this word limit and you’re hurting your score. Scripts that are under the minimum word length attract a penalty, which could be severe if the response is very short.
TIP: Learn to identify how long 150 words looks in your handwriting beforehand!
- Not using figures to support descriptions
Are your descriptions of the pictorial data just a series of words that describe trends?
Does it, for instance, say: “Even though the price of crude oil hit a trough, it soon surged to its earlier level, remained stable for a short period, before peaking towards the end of the year?”
Without any figures to substantiate these descriptions, it’s difficult for the reader to fully comprehend how exactly crude oil prices fluctuated over an entire year.
TIP: Add figures where necessary to provide a clear context to the reader!
- Answering the wrong question!
Example: “As per the data provided on the question paper, it’s evident that crude oil prices saw a great deal of fluctuation in just 12 months. Could it be the Gulf war? Perhaps it’s the result of a change in foreign policy?”
Why prices varied is well and truly beyond what’s provided as task input, so do not attempt to speculate. If you do that, you end up wasting time, adding totally irrelevant information to your response.
TIP: The test shouldn’t be used as a platform to showcase your general knowledge. Your job is to summarise the information provided by selecting the main features; so focus on that!
- Not producing full, connected text
IELTS Writing tasks require candidates to produce answers as full, connected text. Obviously, this means that use of bullet points and note form are inappropriate; scripts that use of them are penalised.
TIP: While writing, just stick to creating paragraphs. Disregard this simple rule and you may have to pay the penalty!
- Not drawing a conclusion
A report is a document written after careful consideration of various aspects of a situation; it needs a logical conclusion. If your response doesn’t refer to the bigger picture ‒ a statement that summaries the pictorial data provided ‒ it would be incomplete to say the least.
TIP: Look out for an overall trend in the maze of data; identifying it is half the battle!
Remember these handy tips when you begin preparing for the writing test; they’ll save you from underperforming when you eventually take IELTS.
Best of luck!