Describing Visual Data (Part 1)
Image courtesy of John Jones via Flickr (CC 2.0)
Describing information that is presented in visual form can be a hard row to hoe, especially if Mathematics isn’t your thing. For a start, there could be so much data that you wouldn’t know where to begin. Identifying the overall trend that captures the essence of the graph isn’t easy either.
It then comes as no surprise that different types of tests commonly use graphs to assess the test taker’s ability to interpret and describe data with some degree of precision. In IELTS Academic, Task 1 is a report writing exercise that can be based on visual data – line graph, bar graph, pie chart, or a combination of them.
Here are some handy tips for writing a good report.
1. Add data to support descriptions
Sometimes we get so caught up in making any sense out of all the numbers that are plotted on a graph that we forget to get the basics right. A fundamental part of report writing is effective use of figures. Leave them out, and your descriptions could make little sense to the reader.
Imagine reading an automobile sales report that includes various trends but has absolutely no numerical data to support descriptions. The chances are you wouldn’t be able to make head or tail of the situation just by reading about trends. So, add figures wherever needed to support trends or patterns you describe.
2. Pick data wisely
Although it is important to include numerical data when describing trends, it doesn’t mean that every number plotted on a graph needs to find its way into your report. Too many figures can make a report less effective, just like one without any data.
One ability that report writing assesses is whether the writer can pick key figures out as well as leave those out which are non-essential to the task. While there are no shortcuts to making this decision, thinking about the purpose of the report should help you decide what numbers to include and what not to.
Remember, time spent analysing the graph is time well spent.
|hard row to hoe|
|Meaning||:||difficult to do|
|Example||:||With just four matches left this season, winning the championship will be a hard row to hoe.|
|isn’t your thing|
|Meaning||:||used to explain that you are not interested in something|
|Example||:||Camping under the stars isn’t really my thing, so I think I’ll pass.|
|not make head or tail (of something)|
|Meaning||:||unable to understand something|
|Example||:||All the dialogues were in Italian so I couldn’t make head or tail of the play.|