Six Ways to Improve Your English Pronunciation (Part 3)
Image courtesy of Jamelle Bouie via Flickr (CC 2.0)
So far in the series, we’ve spoken about four pronunciation features that a learner should try to improve – individual sounds, word stress, sentence stress, and weak forms. Let’s now explore two more such features.
Ever heard of the word chunk? In a very general sense, it means a piece of something larger.
While speaking, it’s important that we package what we say for the listener so that they are not overwhelmed by too much information. And chunking helps you do just that! Breaking up long sentences into smaller chunks helps the listener understand better.
For instance, if someone were to ask you for your phone number, how would you like to give it to them?
Obviously, any listener is likely to find the second method easier, because the pauses in between help them take in information more easily. Now, let’s take this approach and apply it to a sentence.
Did you know that London is the capital of the United Kingdom and has one of the largest immigration populations in the world?
Text with chunking
Did you know (pause)
that London is the capital of the United Kingdom (pause)
and has one of the largest immigration populations in the world?
In simple terms, intonation can be described as the music of a language when spoken. The rise and fall of the speaker’s voice changes the meaning of what is being said.
As you can see, in the first example, use of a rising intonation signals that speaker B is excited, whereas the falling intonation in the second example indicates displeasure or disappointment.
Use of appropriate intonation patterns does matter a lot, especially when asking questions, ending a sentence, using question tags, expressing feelings, or contrasting two things.
Without it, you run the risk of giving listeners the impression that you are not confident or not in control of what you are saying.
Remember, read up on these pronunciation features, introduce them while speaking, and you’ll start sounding better and better.